Published Date: 2018-10-30 14:11:50
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Colombia (03): (LG) porcine, st O, OIE
Archive Number: 20181030.6119433
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - COLOMBIA (03): (LA GUAJIRA) PORCINE, SEROTYPE O, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Fri 26 Oct 2018
Source: OIE, WAHIS (World Animal Health Information System), weekly disease information 2018; 31(44) [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease, Colombia
Information received on [and dated] 26 Oct 2018 from Dra Deyanira Barrero Leon, [General Manager, Colombian Agricultural and Livestock Institute (ICA), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bogota, Colombia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 25 Oct 2018
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 15 Aug 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak location: El Paraiso, Carraipia, Maicao, La Guajira
Date of start of the outbreak: 9 Aug 2018
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: farm
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 82 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Sheep / 80 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Swine / 27 / 23 / 20 / 0 / 0
Affected population: the affected animals are 20 unweaned piglets, which died, and one male and 2 females under 6 months of age.
Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]:
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Sheep / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0
Swine / 85.19 / 74.07 / 86.96 / 74.07
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive, investigation ongoing
Epidemiological comments: this farm is located 10 km [6.2 mi] from the border with the Republic of Venezuela. An epidemiological investigation is being carried out to determine the spread of the disease and the possible origin of the virus. All control and eradication measures will be implemented.
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone; surveillance within containment and/or protection zone; traceability; quarantine; disinfection; vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists); no treatment of affected animals.
Measures to be applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s); official destruction of animal products; official disposal of carcasses, by-products, and waste; stamping out.
Diagnostic test results:
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (national laboratory) / Swine / Antigen (Ag) detection ELISA / 25 Oct 2018 / Positive
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (national laboratory) / Swine / Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 25 Oct 2018 / Positive
National Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory (national laboratory) / Swine / Real-time PCR / 25 Oct 2018 / Positive
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[The following statement is summarized from an ICA [Colombian Agricultural and Livestock Institute] press release reported on 26 Oct 2018:
The affected premises belongs to the Wayuu indigenous community.
"ICA's National Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory conducted molecular tests (PCR) that were positive, and virus isolation tests where FMD serotype O was identified. Following this testing, ICA indicated that the virus isolated from this new outbreak is directly related with the virus that has been circulating in the Department of Cesar (see ProMED-mail posting 20181012.6087823), ICA quarantined the premises, placed movement control measures on the premises, and started cleaning and disinfection procedures.
The government has called on all livestock owners to vaccinate their animals against the disease and to continue reporting any suspect clinical signs they observe in their animals. In addition, the federal government has called on all points of control and all department and local governments to counter and address the entry of illegal animals in the country since most of the smuggling comes from Venezuela."
The full report (in Spanish) is available at https://www.ica.gov.co/Noticias/Noticias-ICA-foco-fiebre-aftosa-LaGuajira.aspx. - Mod.CRD
HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
La Guajira, Guajira, Colombia: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/35279]