Published Date: 2021-12-16 02:39:35 GMT
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth: (WE) sheep, goat, st pending, OIE
Archive Number: 20211216.8700299
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY: (WEST BANK) SHEEP, GOAT, SEROTYPE PENDING, OIE
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Wed 15 Dec 2021
Source: OIE WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2021 [edited]
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (inf. with), Palestine
Report type: immediate notification
Started: 12 Dec 2021
Confirmed: 14 Dec 2021
Reported: 15 Dec 2021
Reason for notification: recurrence
Last occurrence: 18 Jun 2019
Causal agent: foot-and-mouth disease virus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory
This event pertains to a determined zone of the country.
Outbreak location: Al-Hadidiya, Tubas, West Bank
Date of start of the outbreak: 12 Dec 2021
Epidemiological unit: farm
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered or killed for commercial use / Vaccinated
Sheep/goats (mixed herd) / 172 / 40 / 5 / - / - / -
Affected population: unvaccinated farm
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: Unvaccinated nomadic farm quarantined, isolation of all clinically sick animals for treatment of suppurative lesions, start of a ring vaccination in a 3 km [1.9 mi] radius and investigation triggered in the 10 km [6.2 mi] zone, start of the epidemiological investigation to identify the source of infection, samples sent to Bait Dagan Laboratory, Israel, for serotyping. All new information will be submitted in the follow-up reports.
Control measures at event level
Domestic control measures applied: movement control inside the country, quarantine, surveillance within containment and/or the protection zone, vaccination in response to the outbreak(s)
Domestic control measures to be applied: traceability, screening
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: Central Veterinary Laboratory, PSE (national laboratory)
Species / Outbreaks / Test / Tested from / Result
Sheep/goats (mixed herd) / 1 / Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) / 14 Dec 2021 / positive
[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]
[Tubas is situated in the northeastern part of the Palestinian Authority (P.A.), district West Bank, about 17 km [10.6 mi] western to the river Jordan/the border with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and about the same distance from the demarcation line with Israel.
An immediate notification from Jordan, submitted to the OIE on 8 Nov 2021, informed the diagnosis of (untyped) outbreak of FMD in the vicinity of a livestock market in Amman. Media reports hinted the possible linkage between this event and imported calves. No information on the origin of such import became available.
Recently, several media sources in Jordan reported that FMD has been affecting cattle in Dhlail, about 30 km [18.6 mi] northeast of Amman (map at <tinyurl.com/jxkd5ysy>). The report further mentioned the demands of cow farm owners to vaccinate their livestock "to avoid losses resulting from the rapid spread of the virus."
(https://albaladnews.net/article/316612, in Arabic; thanks to Mahmoud Orabi for the submission)
Israel reported to the OIE in June 2021 that an FMD event on its northern district, bordering Lebanon, was resolved. The causative agent was genotyped O/ME-SA/PanAsia-2. Spread was prevented by the earlier mass vaccination, additional revaccinations, and zoosanitary measures. No further cases have been reported since. More details are available in ProMED post 20210611.8441061.
To apply matching vaccine strains in Jordan, the Palestinian territories, Israel, and other countries in the region, details on the serotype and genotype of the FMD strain(s) currently circulating in Jordan and the P.A. are essential. - Mod.AS
HealthMap/ProMED map of West Bank, Palestinian Territory: https://promedmail.org/promed-post?place=8700299,331]